Located in Matale, a town which lies 25km from Kandy en route to the Cultural Triangle, the ancient Aluvihara Cave Temple is of great significance in the history of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. It was here that the teachings of Buddha – the Triptaka – were committed to writing for the first time, in the 3rd century AD. There is a cave dedicated to the ‘Venerable Buddhagosa’, the monk who spent several years in this cave documenting the doctrines of the Buddha in Pali. The language of these Buddhist scriptures (Pali) influenced the development of the Sinhala language. The temple consists of large caves decorated with images of Lord Buddha and frescoes similar to those of Dambulla Cave Temple.