Birds of Sri LankaSri Lanka is a birder’s delight. The island’s isolation and a tropical climate are responsible for the amazingly diverse bird life that attracts more than 400 species. Almost 200 migrant species descend on the country having flown south for the winter. Within a fortnight’s trip you can easily see all 33 endemic birds along with at least 200 species. Join us in this birdwatcher’s paradise. (More)Butterflies of Sri LankaSri Lanka has 245 species of Butterflies recorded in the island of which this 21 are endemic, ranging from the largest -- the Ceylon Birdwing with the wing span ranging from 95 to 135mm – to the smallest -- the Grass Jewel, which measures only 8-13mm. The migration in April/May of the Lemon Emigrants to the top of the sacred Adam’s Peak, also known as `butterfly mountain’, is an awe- inspiring experience. It is commonly believed that these butterflies travel up hill along with the pilgrims to pay homage to Lord Buddha, who preached about kindness to all animals. Scientists put it down to the changing of seasons and the mating season.(More)Dragonflies of Sri Lanka Dragonfly watching in Sri Lanka is getting increasingly popular among nature lovers. Sri Lanka has 117 species of dragonflies and damselflies and of these a staggering 53 species are endemic to the island, 20 of them under threat. (More)Sri Lanka’s Amphibians & ReptilesSri Lanka is one of the global ‘hotspots’ for high biodiversity and this is especially relevant to Amphibians. New species of frogs and lizards are still being discovered in the small protected forests. Both the wet and dry zones of the country consist of many species of reptiles including snakes, crocodiles, lizards, turtles & terrapins. (More) Mammals of Sri LankaUnless you spot a rare leopard, the sight of a wild elephant will probably be the highlight of a journey into Sri Lanka’s wilderness. The elephant population has dropped from 20,000 to 3,500 since the 1800s, but the level has stabilised with the establishment of corridors, national parks, reserves and the charming elephant orphanages at Pinnawala and Uda Walawe. Whether seeing them in the wild or with their mahouts (keepers), the elephants leave a lasting impression. (More)
Sri Lanka’s wildlife & wilderness: Sri Lanka is an all-year destination for wildlife making this a nature lover’s dream escape. If you visit our wildlife calendar you will see that there is a wildlife spectacle in this small island all year around. Though the island does receive rain fall from two monsoons, it does not affect the whole of the island at the same time. Sri Lanka has a forest cover of approximately 14 per cent, although this is diminishing due to human encroachment.
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